Διάσημα Ποιήματα: ‘Ο Me! O Life!’ του Γουόλτ Γουίτμαν

O Me! O Life!

 

O ME! O life!… of the questions of these recurring;
Of the endless trains of the faithless—of cities fill’d with the foolish;
Of myself forever reproaching myself, (for who more foolish than I, and who more faithless?)
Of eyes that vainly crave the light—of the objects mean—of the struggle ever renew’d;
Of the poor results of all—of the plodding and sordid crowds I see around me;
Of the empty and useless years of the rest—with the rest me intertwined;
The question, O me! so sad, recurring—What good amid these, O me, O life?

Answer.
That you are here — that life exists, and identity;

That the powerful play goes on,

and you will contribute a verse

 

Ενδιαφέροντα πράγματα από M (p1)

M. C. Escher, Ma Gu, Macabre, Machiavellian, Machu Picchu, Macintosh 128K, Mack the Knife, Magic carpet, Magic realism, Magical thinking, Magna Carta, Magna Graecia, Magnate, Magnus Carlsen, Maid, Maiden Tower (Baku), Majorca, Making Sweden an Oil-Free Society, Malbork Castle, Mali Empire, Malthusian catastrophe, Mamertine Prison, Manchukuo, Mandelbrot set, Manhattan Project, Manifest Destiny, Maniots, Manolis Glezos, Manor house, Manorialism, Manuel I Komnenos, Manufacturing Consent, Mao Zedong, Marbury v. Madison, Marcel Proust, Marco Polo, Marcus Aurelius, Marcus Junius Brutus the Younger, Marcus Licinius Crassus, Marcy Walker, Margaret Sanger, Marguerite Steinheil, Marie Antoinette, Marina Abramović, Mario Puzo, Mark Antony, Mark Rothko, Mark Twain, Mark Zuckerberg, Market cross, Marlon Brando, Marshall Plan, Marshalsea, Martha Wise, Martin Rees, Baron Rees of Ludlow, Martin Van Buren, Marvin the Paranoid Android, Mary Astell, Mary Barton, Mary Mallon, Mary Phelps Jacob, Mary the Jewess, Mary Wollstonecraft, Masada, Mashiach, Mason Capwell, Massacre of Thessaloniki, Massage, Master list of Nixon’s political opponents, Masterpiece, Masters and Johnson, Masturbation, Matt Groening, Matthew Macfadyen, Matthew Paris, Maunsell Sea Forts, Maurice (emperor), Mausoleum at Halicarnassus, Mausoleum of Augustus, Mausoleum of Galla Placidia, Mausoleum of Mao Zedong, Mauve Decade, Max Raabe, Maxwell’s Demon, May Pang#The Lost Weekend, Maya script, McLibel case, Mean World Syndrome, Meaning of life, Medical community of ancient Rome, Medicare (Canada), Medicine in ancient Rome, Medieval architecture, Medieval cuisine, Medieval demography, Medieval fortification, Medieval Greek, Medieval household, Medieval Inquisition, Medieval music, Medieval technology, Medieval warfare, Mediocrity principle, Megali Idea, Megalomaniac, Mel Brooks, Memory hole, Mercantilism, Mercury (element), Merlin, Merry England, Mespelbrunn Castle, Message in a bottle, Messenia (ancient region), Mestizos, Meta-joke

 

Ενδιαφέροντα πράγματα από M (p2)

Metapolitefsi, Metaxas Line, Method acting, Methods for comparing top chess players throughout history, Metternich, Mexican standoff, Meyer Lansky, Miasma theory of disease, Michael Cera, Michael Collins (Irish leader), Michael Corleone, Michael Frayn, Michael I Rangabe, Michael III, Michael Malloy, Michael Sandel, Michael VIII Palaiologos, Michelangelo, Michelin Guide, Microchip, Micronation, Midas, Middle Ages, Middle class, Mike Wallace (journalist), Mikis Theodorakis, Millennium Prize Problems, Minas tirith, Mind control, Mind Map, Ming Dynasty, Minimalism, Minkowski space, Minority influence, Mirage, Miranda warning, Misogyny, Missouri, Mithraic Mysteries, Mithridates VI, Mithridatism, Moat, Mobutu Sese Seko, Model village, Modern architecture, Modern Library 100 Best Novels, Modernism, Modernist Housing Estates, Modernist literature, Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, Mohawk Valley formula, Molon labe, Monaco, Money laundering, Mongol Empire, Mongol invasions, Mono Lake, Mononymous person, Monroe Doctrine, Monster, Mont Saint-Michel, Montenegro, Montesquieu, Montevideo, Monticello, Montmartre, Montpellier, Montreal Biodome, Monty Python, Monuments of Culture of Exceptional Importance (Serbia), Moonlight sonata, Moonrakers, Moonshine, Moral panic, Moral reasoning, Morea expedition, Mormon sex in chains case, Morris dance, Morton’s fork, Motte and bailey, Mouse Tower, Moyenne Island, Mozarab, Mozart, Mozart and scatology, MS The World, Mu (lost continent), Muhammad Yunus, Muiderslot, Multiverse, Mumbai, Mummy, Münchausen syndrome, Mundus (general), Munich, Murray Leinster, Muscle worship, Muse, Museum of Broken Relationships, Music hall, Mutual assured destruction, Myers-Briggs Type Indicator

 

Anxiety, Edvard Munch

Ενδιαφέροντα πράγματα από N (p1)

Nafplion, Najidah (Australia), Names of the Greeks, Nancy Wake, Nanking Massacre, Nanny, Naples, Napoleon Bonaparte, Napoleon Chagnon, Napoleon complex, Napoleon I of France, Napoleon III of France, Narcissistic personality disorder, Nargisi kofta, Narrenturm (hospital), Narses, NASCAR, Nash equilibrium, Nat Tate: An American Artist 1928-1960, National anthem of England, National Mall, National Museum of American History, National Museum of Capodimonte, National Parks, National Secular Society, Nationalism and ancient history, Native American gambling enterprises, Native Americans in the United States, NATO, Natural environment, Natural History (Pliny), Natural selection, Nature, Nature Boy, Navarre, Nazca culture, Nazi plunder, Neanderthal, Nebular hypothesis, Ned Kelly, Nefertiti bust, Neglected disease, Neighborhood watch, Neil Gaiman, Nelson Mandela, Nemi , Nemi ships, Neo-Grec, Neo-Malthusianism, Nephilim, Nero, Nero Decree, Nerva, Network (film), Neuschwanstein Castle, New Deal, New Model Army, New Seven Wonders of the World, New Territories, New town, New World, New World Order (conspiracy theory), New York Draft Riots

 

Vir Heroicus Sublimis, Barnett Newman

Η Επιστολή των Πανεπιστημιακών προς τον Ομπάμα για την Μακεδονία

371 Πανεπιστημιακοί λένε όχι στην Σκοπιανή προπαγάδα και στον σφετερισμό της Ελληνικής Ιστορίας, σε επιστολή που απεστάλλει στι 18-5-2009 προς τον πρόεδρο Ομπάμα,τον αντιπρόεδρο Μπάιντεν,τη Χίλαρι Κλίντον, και υπογράφεται από κορυφαίους ακαδημαϊκούς απ΄όλο τον κόσμο και αφορά το θέμα της ονομασίας των Σκοπίων. Καθηγητές από πανεπιστήμια όπως το Χάρβαρντ,το Πρίνστον,το Πανεπιστήμιο της Οξφόρδης,το Μπέρκλει,αλλά και πολλών ακόμα πανεπιστημιακών ιδρυμάτων από ΗΠΑ, Γερμανία, Ελβετία, Αυστρία, Ιταλία, Καναδά, με ένα κείμενο που δεν αφήνει αναπάντητο κανένα ερώτημα.

18 Μαΐου, 2009

Προς τον Αξιότιμο Πρόεδρο Μπαράκ Ομπάμα

Πρόεδρο των Ηνωμένων Πολιτειών της Αμερικής

Λευκός Οίκος

1600 Pennsylvania Avenue, NW

Washington, DC 20500

Αξιότιμε κύριε Πρόεδρε,

Με την παρούσα επιστολή, οι υπογράφοντες ζητούμε με κάθε σεβασμό την παρέμβασή σας για να τακτοποιηθούν συντρίμμια ιστορικής αταξίας που άφησε πίσω της στη νοτιοανατολική Ευρώπη η προηγούμενη κυβέρνηση των ΗΠΑ.
Στις 4 Νοεμβρίου 2004, δύο ημέρες μετά την επανεκλογή του Προέδρου George W. Bush, η κυβέρνησή του ομόφωνα αναγνώρισε τη ‘Δημοκρατία της Μακεδονίας’.
Αυτή η πράξη όχι μόνο κατέλυσε γεωγραφικά και ιστορικά δεδομένα, αλλά και έδωσε έναυσμα να ξεσπάσει μια επικίνδυνη επιδημία ιστορικού ρεβιζιονισμού, του οποίου το πιο προφανές σύμπτωμα είναι η καταχρηστική οικειοποίηση από την κυβέρνηση των Σκοπίων του πιο διάσημου Μακεδόνα, του Μέγα Αλέξανδρου.
Πιστεύουμε ότι αυτή η ανοησία έχει ξεπεράσει κάθε όριο και ότι οι ΗΠΑ δεν έχουν καμιά δουλειά να υποστηρίζουν την παραποίηση της ιστορίας. Ας κάνουμε μια ανασκόπηση των δεδομένων. (Η τεκμηρίωση αυτών των δεδομένων που απεικονίζονται εδώ με έντονα γράμματα, βρίσκεται στο http://macedonia-evidence.org/documentation.html).
Η εν λόγω περιοχή, με τη σύγχρονη πρωτεύουσά της τα Σκόπια, ονομαζόταν στην αρχαιότητα Παιονία. Τα όρη Βαρνούς και Όρβηλος (που σχηματίζουν σήμερα τα βόρεια σύνορα της Ελλάδας) αποτελούν ένα φυσικό όριο που χώριζε και χωρίζει τη Μακεδονία από τη βόρεια γείτονά της. Η μόνη πραγματική σύνδεση βρίσκεται κατά μήκος του Αξιού/Βαρδάρη ποταμού αλλά ακόμα και αυτή η κοιλάδα ‘δε σχηματίζει μία δίοδο επικοινωνίας γιατί τέμνεται από χαράδρες’.
Αν και είναι αλήθεια ότι οι Παίονες υποτάχθηκαν στο Φίλιππο Β΄, πατέρα του Μέγα Αλέξανδρου, το 358 π.Χ., δεν ήταν Μακεδόνες και δεν ζούσαν στη Μακεδονία. Παρομοίως, για παράδειγμα, οι Αιγύπτιοι που κατακτήθηκαν από τον Αλέξανδρο, μπορεί μεν να κυβερνούνταν από τους Μακεδόνες, συμπεριλαμβανομένης και της γνωστής Κλεοπάτρας, αλλά δεν υπήρξαν ποτέ οι ίδιοι Μακεδόνες και η Αίγυπτος δεν ονομάστηκε ποτέ Μακεδονία.
Αντίθετα, η Μακεδονία και οι Μακεδόνες Έλληνες βρίσκονταν για τουλάχιστον 2500 χρόνια εκεί ακριβώς όπου είναι η σύγχρονη ελληνική περιφέρεια της Μακεδονίας. Ακριβώς η ίδια σχέση ισχύει για την Αττική και τους Αθηναίους Έλληνες, το Άργος και τους Αργείους Έλληνες, την Κόρινθο και τους Κορίνθιους Έλληνες κ.ο.κ.
Δεν κατανοούμε πώς οι σύγχρονοι κάτοικοι της αρχαίας Παιονίας, που μιλούν Σλάβικα—μια γλώσσα που εισήχθη στα Βαλκάνια περίπου μια χιλιετία μετά το θάνατο του Αλέξανδρου—μπορούν να διεκδικούν τον Αλέξανδρο για εθνικό τους ήρωα. Ο Μέγας Αλέξανδρος ήταν εξολοκλήρου και αδιαμφισβήτητα Έλληνας. Ο προ-προ-προπάππος του, Αλέξανδρος Α΄, αγωνίστηκε στους Ολυμπιακούς Αγώνες όπου η συμμετοχή επιτρεπόταν μόνο σε Έλληνες.
Ακόμα και πριν από τον Αλέξανδρο Α΄οι Μακεδόνες τοποθετούσαν τις προγονικές τους ρίζες στο Άργος και πολλοί από τους βασιλείς τους χρησιμοποιούσαν την κεφαλή του Ηρακλή—του κατεξοχήν Έλληνα ήρωα– στα νομίσματά τους.
Ο Ευριπίδης—που πέθανε και θάφτηκε στη Μακεδονία—έγραψε το έργο του Αρχέλαος προς τιμήν του μεγάλου θείου τού Αλέξανδρου και το έγραψε στα ελληνικά. Όσο βρισκόταν στη Μακεδονία, ο Ευριπίδης έγραψε ακόμα τις Βάκχες, επίσης στα ελληνικά. Κατά συνέπεια, το Μακεδονικό κοινό μπορούσε να καταλάβει τι έγραψε και τι άκουγαν.
Ο πατέρας του Αλέξανδρου, Φίλιππος, κέρδισε αρκετές νίκες σε ιππικούς αγώνες στην Ολυμπία και τους Δελφούς, τα δύο πιο ελληνικά από όλα τα ιερά της αρχαίας Ελλάδας, όπου δεν επιτρεπόταν σε μη-Έλληνες να αγωνιστούν. Ακόμα πιο σημαντικό, ο Φίλιππος ορίστηκε διοργανωτής των Πύθιων Αγώνων στους Δελφούς το 346 π.Χ. Με άλλα λόγια, ο πατέρας του Μέγα Αλέξανδρου και οι πρόγονοί του ήταν εξολοκλήρου Έλληνες. Η ελληνική γλώσσα ήταν η γλώσσα που χρησιμοποιούσε ο Δημοσθένης και η πρεσβεία του από την Αθήνα όταν επισκέπτονταν τον Φίλιππο επίσης το 346 π.Χ. Ένας άλλος Έλληνας του Βορρά, ο Αριστοτέλης, πήγε να σπουδάσει για περίπου 20 χρόνια στην Ακαδημία του Πλάτωνα. Στη συνέχεια, επέστρεψε στη Μακεδονία και έγινε ο δάσκαλος του Αλέξανδρου Γ΄. Μιλούσαν Ελληνικά στην σχολή που σώζεται ακόμα και σήμερα κοντά στη Νάουσσα στην Ελληνική Μακεδονία.
Ο Αλέξανδρος είχε μαζί του σε όλες του τις εκστρατείες την έκδοση του Αριστοτέλη της Ιλιάδας του Ομήρου. Ο Αλέξανδρος διέδωσε την ελληνική γλώσσα και τον πολιτισμό σε όλη του την αυτοκρατορία, ιδρύοντας πόλεις και εγκαθιστώντας εκπαιδευτικά κέντρα. Εξού και βρίσκουμε επιγραφές που αφορούν χαρακτηριστικούς ελληνικούς θεσμούς όπως είναι το γυμνάσιο τόσο μακριά όσο στο Αφγανιστάν. Είναι γραμμένες στα Ελληνικά.
Προκύπτουν οι εξής ερωτήσεις: Γιατί ήταν η Ελληνική γλώσσα η lingua franca σε όλη την επικράτεια του Αλέξανδρου αν αυτός ήταν ΄Μακεδόνας’; Γιατί γράφτηκε η Καινή Διαθήκη στα Ελληνικά;
Οι απαντήσεις είναι ξεκάθαρες: ο Μέγας Αλέξανδρος ήταν Έλληνας, όχι Σλάβος, και οι Σλάβοι και η γλώσσα τους δεν σχετίζονταν με τον Αλέξανδρο ή την πατρίδα του παρά 1000 χρόνια αργότερα. Αυτό μας φέρνει πίσω στη γεωγραφική περιοχή που ήταν γνωστή στην αρχαιότητα ως Παιονία. Γιατί οι άνθρωποι που κατοικούν σε αυτήν την περιοχή σήμερα αποκαλούν τους εαυτούς τους Μακεδόνες και τη χώρα τους Μακεδονία; Γιατί να κλέψουν μια απόλυτα ελληνική μορφή για εθνικό τους ήρωα;
Οι αρχαίοι Παίονες μπορεί να ήταν ή να μην ήταν Έλληνες, πάντως σίγουρα έγιναν ελληνίζοντες, και δεν υπήρξαν ποτέ Σλάβοι. Επίσης δεν ήταν Μακεδόνες. Η αρχαία Παιονία ήταν ένα μέρος του Μακεδονικού κράτους, όπως ήταν η Ιωνία και η Συρία και η Παλαιστίνη και η Αίγυπτος και η Μεσοποταμία και η Βαβυλωνία και η Βακτρία και πολλές άλλες περιοχές. Μπορεί λοιπόν να έγιναν προσωρινά ‘Μακεδονικές’ αλλά καμιά δεν ήταν ποτέ ΄Μακεδονία΄. Η κλοπή του Φίλιππου και του Αλέξανδρου από μια χώρα που δεν ήταν ποτέ η Μακεδονία δεν μπορεί να δικαιολογηθεί.
Οι παραδόσεις της αρχαίας Παιονίας ωστόσο θα μπορούσαν να υιοθετηθούν από τους τωρινούς κατοίκους αυτής της γεωγραφικής περιοχής με αρκετά αιτιολογικά. Η επέκταση του γεωγραφικού όρου ‘ Μακεδονία’ ώστε να καλύπτει τη νότια Γιουγκοσλαβία δεν μπορεί. Ακόμα και στον ύστερο 19ο αι. αυτή η λάθος χρήση υπονοούσε μη υγιείς εδαφικές βλέψεις.
Το ίδιο κίνητρο βρίσκεται και σε σχολικούς χάρτες που δείχνουν την ψευδο-μεγάλη Μακεδονία να εκτείνεται από τα Σκόπια μέχρι τον Όλυμπο και να επιγράφεται στα Σλαβικά. Ο ίδιος χάρτης και οι διεκδικήσεις του βρίσκεται σε ημερολόγια, αυτοκόλλητα αυτοκινήτων, χαρτονομίσματα κλπ που κυκλοφορούν στο νέο κράτος από τότε που διακήρυξε την ανεξαρτησία του από τη Γιουγκοσλαβία το 1991. Γιατί να επιχειρεί μια τέτοια ιστορική ανοησία μια φτωχή νέα χώρα, εσωτερική και περικυκλωμένη από στεριά; Γιατί να κοροϊδεύει θρασύτατα και να προκαλεί τη γείτονά της;
Όπως και να θέλει κανείς να χαρακτηρίσει μια τέτοια συμπεριφορά, σίγουρα δεν πρόκειται για πίεση για ιστορική ακρίβεια, ούτε για σταθερότητα στα Βαλκάνια. Είναι λυπηρό ότι οι ΗΠΑ έχουν ενισχύσει και ενθαρρύνει τέτοια συμπεριφορά. Στρεφόμαστε σε Εσάς, Κύριε Πρόεδρε, για να ξεκαθαρίσετε στην κυβέρνηση των Σκοπίων ότι δεν μπορεί να εισέλθει στην οικογένεια των χωρών της ΕΕ και του ΝΑΤΟ όσο επιχειρεί να οικοδομήσει την εθνική της ταυτότητα εις βάρος της ιστορικής αλήθειας. Η κοινωνία μας από κοινού δεν μπορεί να επιβιώσει όταν η ιστορία αγνοείται, πολύ λιγότερο δε όταν η ιστορία κατασκευάζεται για να εξυπηρετήσει αμφίβολα κίνητρα.

Με εκτίμηση,

NAME TITLE INSTITUTION
Harry C. Avery, Professor of Classics, University of Pittsburgh (USA)
Dr. Dirk Backendorf. Akademie der Wissenschaften und der Literatur Mainz (Germany)
Elizabeth C. Banks, Associate Professor of Classics (ret.), University of Kansas (USA)
Luigi Beschi, professore emerito di Archeologia Classica, Università di Firenze (Italy)
Josine H. Blok, professor of Ancient History and Classical Civilization, Utrecht University (The Netherlands)
Alan Boegehold, Emeritus Professor of Classics, Brown University (USA)
Efrosyni Boutsikas, Lecturer of Classical Archaeology, University of Kent (UK)
Keith Bradley, Eli J. and Helen Shaheen Professor of Classics, Concurrent Professor of History, University of Notre Dame (USA)
Stanley M. Burstein, Professor Emeritus, California State University, Los Angeles (USA)
Francis Cairns, Professor of Classical Languages, The Florida State University (USA)
John McK. Camp II, Agora Excavations and Professor of Archaeology, ASCSA, Athens (Greece)
Paul Cartledge, A.G. Leventis Professor of Greek Culture, University of Cambridge (UK)
Paavo Castrén, Professor of Classical Philology Emeritus, University of Helsinki (Finland)
William Cavanagh, Professor of Aegean Prehistory, University of Nottingham (UK)
Angelos Chaniotis, Professor, Senior Research Fellow, All Souls College, Oxford (UK)
Paul Christesen, Professor of Ancient Greek History, Dartmouth College (USA)
Ada Cohen, Associate Professor of Art History, Dartmouth College (USA)
Randall M. Colaizzi, Lecturer in Classical Studies, University of Massachusetts-Boston (USA)
Kathleen M. Coleman, Professor of Latin, Harvard University (USA)
Michael B. Cosmopoulos, Ph.D., Professor and Endowed Chair in Greek Archaeology, University of Missouri-St. Louis (USA)
Kevin F. Daly, Assistant Professor of Classics, Bucknell University (USA)
Wolfgang Decker, Professor emeritus of sport history, Deutsche Sporthochschule, Köln (Germany)
Luc Deitz, Ausserplanmässiger Professor of Mediaeval and Renaissance Latin, University of Trier (Germany), and Curator of manuscripts and rare books, National Library of Luxembourg (Luxembourg)
Michael Dewar, Professor of Classics, University of Toronto (Canada)
John D. Dillery, Associate Professor of Classics, University of Virginia (USA)
Sheila Dillon, Associate Professor, Depts. of Art, Art History & Visual Studies and Classical Studies, Duke University (USA)
Douglas Domingo-Forasté, Professor of Classics, California State University, Long Beach (USA)
Pierre Ducrey, professeur honoraire, Université de Lausanne (Switzerland)
Roger Dunkle, Professor of Classics Emeritus, Brooklyn College, City University of New York (USA)
Michael M. Eisman, Associate Professor Ancient History and Classical Archaeology, Department of History, Temple University (USA)
Mostafa El-Abbadi, Professor Emeritus, University of Alexandria (Egypt)
R. Malcolm Errington, Professor für Alte Geschichte (Emeritus) Philipps-Universität, Marburg (Germany)
Panagiotis Faklaris, Assistant Professor of Classical Archaeology, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki (Greece)
Denis Feeney, Giger Professor of Latin, Princeton University (USA)
Elizabeth A. Fisher, Professor of Classics and Art History, Randolph-Macon College (USA)
Nick Fisher, Professor of Ancient History, Cardiff University (UK)
R. Leon Fitts, Asbury J Clarke Professor of Classical Studies, Emeritus, FSA, Scot., Dickinson Colllege (USA)
John M. Fossey FRSC, FSA, Emeritus Professor of Art History (and Archaeology), McGill Univertsity, Montreal, and Curator of Archaeology, Montreal Museum of Fine Arts (Canada)
Robin Lane Fox, University Reader in Ancient History, New College, Oxford (UK)
Rainer Friedrich, Professor of Classics Emeritus, Dalhousie University, Halifax, N.S. (Canada)
Heide Froning, Professor of Classical Archaeology, University of Marburg (Germany)
Peter Funke, Professor of Ancient History, University of Muenster (Germany)
Traianos Gagos, Professor of Greek and Papyrology, University of Michigan (USA)
Robert Garland, Roy D. and Margaret B. Wooster Professor of the Classics, Colgate University, Hamilton NY (USA)
Douglas E. Gerber, Professor Emeritus of Classical Studies, University of Western Ontario (Canada)
Hans R. Goette, Professor of Classical Archaeology, University of Giessen (Germany); German Archaeological Institute, Berlin (Germany)
Sander M. Goldberg, Professor of Classics, UCLA (USA)
Erich S. Gruen, Gladys Rehard Wood Professor of History and Classics, Emeritus, University of California, Berkeley (USA)
Christian Habicht, Professor of Ancient History, Emeritus, Institute for Advanced Study, Princeton (USA)
Donald C. Haggis, Nicholas A. Cassas Term Professor of Greek Studies, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill (USA)
Judith P. Hallett, Professor of Classics, University of Maryland, College Park, MD (USA)
Prof. Paul B. Harvey, Jr. Head, Department of Classics and Ancient Mediterranean Studies, The Pennsylvania State University (USA)
Eleni Hasaki, Associate Professor of Classical Archaeology, University of Arizona (USA)
Miltiades B. Hatzopoulos, Director, Research Centre for Greek and Roman Antiquity, National Research Foundation, Athens (Greece)
Wolf-Dieter Heilmeyer, Prof. Dr., Freie Universität Berlin und Antikensammlung der Staatlichen Museen zu Berlin (Germany)
Steven W. Hirsch, Associate Professor of Classics and History, Tufts University (USA)
Karl-J. Hölkeskamp, Professor of Ancient History, University of Cologne (Germany)
Frank L. Holt, Professor of Ancient History, University of Houston (USA)
Dan Hooley, Professor of Classics, University of Missouri (USA)
Meredith C. Hoppin, Gagliardi Professor of Classical Languages, Williams College, Williamstown, MA (USA)
Caroline M. Houser, Professor of Art History Emerita, Smith College (USA) and Affiliated Professor, University of Washington (USA)
Georgia Kafka, Visiting Professor of Modern Greek Language, Literature and History, University of New Brunswick (Canada)
Anthony Kaldellis, Professor of Greek and Latin, The Ohio State University (USA)
Andromache Karanika, Assistant Professor of Classics, University of California, Irvine (USA)
Robert A. Kaster, Professor of Classics and Kennedy Foundation Professor of Latin, Princeton University (USA)
Vassiliki Kekela, Adjunct Professor of Greek Studies, Classics Department, Hunter College, City University of New York (USA)
Dietmar Kienast, Professor Emeritus of Ancient History, University of Duesseldorf (Germany)
Karl Kilinski II, University Distinguished Teaching Professor, Southern Methodist University (USA)
Dr. Florian Knauss, associate director, Staatliche Antikensammlungen und Glyptothek Muenchen (Germany)
Denis Knoepfler, Professor of Greek Epigraphy and History, Collège de France (Paris)
Ortwin Knorr, Associate Professor of Classics, Willamette University (USA)
Robert B. Koehl, Professor of Archaeology, Department of Classical and Oriental Studies Hunter College, City University of New York (USA)
Georgia Kokkorou-Alevras, Professor of Classical Archaeology, University of Athens (Greece)
Ann Olga Koloski-Ostrow, Associate Professor and Chair, Department of Classical Studies, Brandeis University (USA)
Eric J. Kondratieff, Assistant Professor of Classics and Ancient History, Department of Greek & Roman Classics, Temple University
Haritini Kotsidu, Apl. Prof. Dr. für Klassische Archäologie, Goethe-Universität, Frankfurt/M. (Germany)
Lambrini Koutoussaki, Dr., Lecturer of Classical Archaeology, University of Zürich (Switzerland)
David Kovacs, Hugh H. Obear Professor of Classics, University of Virginia (USA)
Peter Krentz, W. R. Grey Professor of Classics and History, Davidson College (USA)
Friedrich Krinzinger, Professor of Classical Archaeology Emeritus, University of Vienna (Austria)
Michael Kumpf, Professor of Classics, Valparaiso University (USA)
Donald G. Kyle, Professor of History, University of Texas at Arlington (USA)
Prof. Dr. Dr. h.c. Helmut Kyrieleis, former president of the German Archaeological Institute, Berlin (Germany)
Gerald V. Lalonde, Benedict Professor of Classics, Grinnell College (USA)
Steven Lattimore, Professor Emeritus of Classics, University of California, Los Angeles (USA)
Francis M. Lazarus, President, University of Dallas (USA)
Mary R. Lefkowitz, Andrew W. Mellon Professor in the Humanities, Emerita, Wellesley College (USA)
Iphigeneia Leventi, Assistant Professor of Classical Archaeology, University of Thessaly (Greece)
Daniel B. Levine, Professor of Classical Studies, University of Arkansas (USA)
Christina Leypold, Dr. phil., Archaeological Institute, University of Zurich (Switzerland)
Vayos Liapis, Associate Professor of Greek, Centre d’Études Classiques & Département de Philosophie, Université de Montréal (Canada)
Hugh Lloyd-Jones, Professor of Greek Emeritus, University of Oxford (UK)
Yannis Lolos, Assistant Professor, History, Archaeology, and Anthropology, University of Thessaly (Greece)
Stanley Lombardo, Professor of Classics, University of Kansas, USA
Anthony Long, Professor of Classics and Irving G. Stone Professor of Literature, University of California, Berkeley (USA)
Julia Lougovaya, Assistant Professor, Department of Classics, Columbia University (USA)
A.D. Macro, Hobart Professor of Classical Languages emeritus, Trinity College (USA)
John Magee, Professor, Department of Classics, Director, Centre for Medieval Studies, University of Toronto (Canada)
Dr. Christofilis Maggidis, Associate Professor of Archaeology, Dickinson College (USA)
Jeannette Marchand, Assistant Professor of Classics, Wright State University, Dayton, Ohio (USA)
Richard P. Martin, Antony and Isabelle Raubitschek Professor in Classics, Stanford University
Maria Mavroudi, Professor of Byzantine History, University of California, Berkeley (USA)
Alexander Mazarakis Ainian, Professor of Classical Archaeology, University of Thessaly (Greece)
James R. McCredie, Sherman Fairchild Professor emeritus; Director, Excavations in Samothrace Institute of Fine Arts, New York University (USA)
James C. McKeown, Professor of Classics, University of Wisconsin-Madison (USA)
Robert A. Mechikoff, Professor and Life Member of the International Society of Olympic Historians, San Diego State University (USA)
Andreas Mehl, Professor of Ancient History, Universitaet Halle-Wittenberg (Germany)
Harald Mielsch, Professor of Classical Archeology, University of Bonn (Germany)
Stephen G. Miller, Professor of Classical Archaeology Emeritus, University of California, Berkeley (USA)
Phillip Mitsis, A.S. Onassis Professor of Classics and Philosophy, New York University (USA)
Peter Franz Mittag, Professor für Alte Geschichte, Universität zu Köln (Germany)
David Gordon Mitten, James Loeb Professor of Classical Art and Archaeology, Harvard University (USA)
Margaret S. Mook, Associate Professor of Classical Studies, Iowa State University (USA)
Anatole Mori, Associate Professor of Classical Studies, University of Missouri- Columbia (USA)
Jennifer Sheridan Moss, Associate Professor, Wayne State University (USA)
Ioannis Mylonopoulos, Assistant Professor of Greek Art History and Archaeology, Columbia University, New York (USA)
Richard Neudecker, PD of Classical Archaeology, Deutsches Archäologisches Institut Rom (Italy)
James M.L. Newhard, Associate Professor of Classics, College of Charleston (USA)
Carole E. Newlands, Professor of Classics, University of Wisconsin, Madison (USA)
John Maxwell O’Brien, Professor of History, Queens College, City University of New York (USA)
James J. O’Hara, Paddison Professor of Latin, The University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill (USA)
Martin Ostwald, Professor of Classics (ret.), Swarthmore College and Professor of Classical Studies (ret.), University of Pennsylvania (USA)
Olga Palagia, Professor of Classical Archaeology, University of Athens (Greece)
Vassiliki Panoussi, Associate Professor of Classical Studies, The College of William and Mary (USA)
Maria C. Pantelia, Professor of Classics, University of California, Irvine (USA)
Pantos A.Pantos, Adjunct Faculty, Department of History, Archaeology and Social Anthropology, University of Thessaly (Greece)
Anthony J. Papalas, Professor of Ancient History, East Carolina University (USA)
Nassos Papalexandrou, Associate Professor, The University of Texas at Austin (USA)
Polyvia Parara, Visiting Assistant Professor of Greek Language and Civilization, Department of Classics, Georgetown University (USA)
Richard W. Parker, Associate Professor of Classics, Brock University (Canada)
Robert Parker, Wykeham Professor of Ancient History, New College, Oxford (UK)
Anastasia-Erasmia Peponi, Associate Professor of Classics, Stanford University (USA)
Jacques Perreault, Professor of Greek archaeology, Université de Montréal, Québec (Canada)
Yanis Pikoulas, Associate Professor of Ancient Greek History, University of Thessaly (Greece)
John Pollini, Professor of Classical Art & Archaeology, University of Southern California (USA)
David Potter, Arthur F. Thurnau Professor of Greek and Latin. The University of Michigan (USA)
Robert L. Pounder, Professor Emeritus of Classics, Vassar College (USA)
Nikolaos Poulopoulos, Assistant Professor in History and Chair in Modern Greek Studies, McGill University (Canada)
William H. Race, George L. Paddison Professor of Classics, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill (USA)
John T. Ramsey, Professor of Classics, University of Illinois at Chicago (USA)
Karl Reber, Professor of Classical Archaeology, University of Lausanne (Switzerland)
Rush Rehm, Professor of Classics and Drama, Stanford University (USA)
Werner Riess, Associate Professor of Classics, The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill (USA)
Robert H. Rivkin, Ancient Studies Department, University of Maryland Baltimore County (USA)
Barbara Saylor Rodgers, Professor of Classics, The University of Vermont (USA)
Robert H. Rodgers. Lyman-Roberts Professor of Classical Languages and Literature, University of Vermont (USA)
Nathan Rosenstein, Professor of Ancient History, The Ohio State University (USA)
John C. Rouman, Professor Emeritus of Classics, University of New Hampshire, (USA)
Dr. James Roy, Reader in Greek History (retired), University of Nottingham (UK)
Steven H. Rutledge, Associate Professor of Classics, Department of Classics, University of Maryland, College Park (USA)
Christina A. Salowey, Associate Professor of Classics, Hollins University (USA)
Guy D. R. Sanders, Resident Director of Corinth Excavations, The American School of Classical Studies at Athens (Greece)
Theodore Scaltsas, Professor of Ancient Greek Philosophy, University of Edinburgh (UK)
Thomas F. Scanlon, Professor of Classics, University of California, Riverside (USA)
Bernhard Schmaltz, Prof. Dr. Archäologisches Institut der CAU, Kiel (Germany)
Rolf M. Schneider, Professor of Classical Archaeology, Ludwig-Maximilians- Universität München (Germany)
Peter Scholz, Professor of Ancient History and Culture, University of Stuttgart (Germany)
Christof Schuler, director, Commission for Ancient History and Epigraphy of the German Archaeological Institute, Munich (Germany)
Paul D. Scotton, Assoociate Professor Classical Archaeology and Classics, California State University Long Beach (USA)
Danuta Shanzer, Professor of Classics and Medieval Studies, The University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign and Fellow of the Medieval Academy of America (USA)
James P. Sickinger, Associate Professor of Classics, Florida State University (USA)
Marilyn B. Skinner 
Professor of Classics, 
University of Arizona (USA)
Niall W. Slater, Samuel Candler Dobbs Professor of Latin and Greek, Emory University (USA)
Peter M. Smith, Associate Professor of Classics, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill (USA)
Dr. Philip J. Smith, Research Associate in Classical Studies, McGill University (Canada)
Susan Kirkpatrick Smith Assistant Professor of Anthropology Kennesaw State University (USA)
Antony Snodgrass, Professor Emeritus of Classical Archaeology, University of Cambridge (UK)
Theodosia Stefanidou-Tiveriou, Professor of Classical Archaeology, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki (Greece).
Andrew Stewart, Nicholas C. Petris Professor of Greek Studies, University of California, Berkeley (USA)
Oliver Stoll, Univ.-Prof. Dr., Alte Geschichte/ Ancient History,Universität Passau (Germany)
Richard Stoneman, Honorary Fellow, University of Exeter (England)
Ronald Stroud, Klio Distinguished Professor of Classical Languages and Literature Emeritus, University of California, Berkeley (USA)
Sarah Culpepper Stroup, Associate Professor of Classics, University of Washington (USA)
Nancy Sultan, Professor and Director, Greek & Roman Studies, Illinois Wesleyan University (USA)
David W. Tandy, Professor of Classics, University of Tennessee (USA)
James Tatum, Aaron Lawrence Professor of Classics, Dartmouth College
Martha C. Taylor, Associate Professor of Classics, Loyola College in Maryland
Petros Themelis, Professor Emeritus of Classical Archaeology, Athens (Greece)
Eberhard Thomas, Priv.-Doz. Dr.,Archäologisches Institut der Universität zu Köln (Germany)
Michalis Tiverios, Professor of Classical Archaeology, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki (Greece)
Michael K. Toumazou, Professor of Classics, Davidson College (USA)
Stephen V. Tracy, Professor of Greek and Latin Emeritus, Ohio State University (USA)
Prof. Dr. Erich Trapp, Austrian Academy of Sciences/Vienna resp. University of Bonn (Germany)
Stephen M. Trzaskoma, Associate Professor of Classics, University of New Hampshire (USA)
Vasiliki Tsamakda, Professor of Christian Archaeology and Byzantine History of Art, University of Mainz (Germany)
Christopher Tuplin, Professor of Ancient History, University of Liverpool (UK)
Gretchen Umholtz, Lecturer, Classics and Art History, University of Massachusetts, Boston (USA)
Panos Valavanis, Professor of Classical Archaeology, University of Athens (Greece)
Athanassios Vergados, Visiting Assistant Professor of Classics, Franklin & Marshall College, Lancaster, PA
Christina Vester, Assistant Professor of Classics, University of Waterloo (Canada)
Emmanuel Voutiras, Professor of Classical Archaeology, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki (Greece)
Speros Vryonis, Jr., Alexander S. Onassis Professor (Emeritus) of Hellenic Civilization and Culture, New York University (USA)
Michael B. Walbank, Professor Emeritus of Greek, Latin & Ancient History, The University of Calgary (Canada)
Bonna D. Wescoat, Associate Professor, Art History and Ancient Mediterranean Studies, Emory University (USA)
E. Hector Williams, Professor of Classical Archaeology, University of British Columbia (Canada)
Roger J. A. Wilson, Professor of the Archaeology of the Roman Empire, and Director, Centre for the Study of Ancient Sicily, University of British Columbia, Vancouver (Canada)
Engelbert Winter, Professor for Ancient History, University of Münster (Germany)
Timothy F. Winters, Ph.D. Alumni Assn. Distinguished Professor of Classics, Austin Peay State University (USA)
Michael Zahrnt, Professor für Alte Geschichte, Universität zu Köln (Germany)
Paul Zanker, Professor Emeritus of Classical Studies, University of Munich (Germany)

cc: J. Biden, Vice President, USA
H. Clinton, Secretary of State USA
P. Gordon, Asst. Secretary-designate, European and Eurasian Affairs
H.L Berman, Chair, House Committee on Foreign Affairs
I. Ros-Lehtinen, Ranking Member, House Committee on Foreign Affairs
J. Kerry, Chair, Senate Committee on Foreign Relations
R.G. Lugar, Ranking Member, Senate Committee on Foreign Relations
R. Menendez, United States Senator from New Jersey.

Διακόσιες λύσεις σε καθημερινά προβλήματα

1. Remove a broken key from a lock.
Put some super glue on broken off part, insert, hold a few seconds and pull.

2. Remove a broken light bulb.
Stick a bar of soap into jagged edges, use soap as handle.

3. Remove a stubborn screw.
Heat with a soldering iron for a few seconds first.

4. Protect children from sockets.
Keep a piece of electrical tape over them when not in use.

5. Good glass door safety tip.
Put a BIG decal on the glass and patio doors.

6. Keep nails from splitting wood.
Blunt sharp end of nail before you use by hitting with hammer.

7. Repair small holes in screen.
Plug holes with clear nail polish, let dry, repeat until filled.

8. Straighten warped phono records.
Place record between two sheets of glass, let sit in sun for a while.

9. Best way to clean phono records.
Dip in solution of detergent and water, rinse and wipe dry.

10. Make your own fireplace logs.
Roll newspapers up tightly in shape of logs.

11. How to remove oil from a driveway.
Cover with sand let stand for a few days, then sweep off.

12. Keep fish hooks from rusting.
Stick them in a cork and submerge in some baking soda.

13. Make sandpaper last longer.
Back sandpaper with masking tape.

14. How to revive old razor blades.
Rub them back and forth inside a drinking glass.

15. Remove road tar from cars.
Sodium bicarbonate on a damp cloth.

16. Remove labels from bottles and jars.

17. Cut glass without a glass cutter.
Use tin snips and cut under water, smooth rough edges off with knife blade.

18. Easy to unglue stamps and envelopes.
Put in freezer for a few hours then flip off with knife blade.

19. Get water out of your watch.
Strap watch to light bulb, turn on for a few minutes. Water drops will form on glass. Open up and wipe off.

20. Prevent snow sticking to shovel.
Coat shovel with car wax.

21. Tighten your hammer handle.
Soak in used engine oil for a day.

22. Low cost laminating -EASY.
Cover article with clear contact (cling film) paper.

23. Open that stuck zip.
Spray the stuck zip with shaving foam.

24. Remove paint from auto.
The product to clean paint from your car is Benzol.

25. Increase your petrol mileage.
Put 4oz of benzol to each ten gallons of petrol to increase mpg.

26. How to renew car batteries.
Dissolve 1oz of epsom salts in warm water and add to each cell.

27. Easily untie a knot in a chain.
cover the knot generously with cold cream.

28. Loosen those tight shoes.
Wad some damp newspapers into shoes and leave for a few days.

29. Make shoes slip proof.
Take scissors and scratch crisscrosses on the soles.

30. The ideal pin cushion.
Use a bar of soap, makes sewing easier, needle just slides through.

31. Make your own metal polisher.
Take blackboard chalk and rub into cloth, then rub on metal.

32. Good dog and cat repellent.
Place mothballs in areas. They will avoid it. Animals hate mothball odour.

33. When your pet has no appetite.
Try a saucer of beer. It.s known to perk up the appetite.

34. Easy to rid pets of fleas.
Put a foam rubber bed in the pet.s bed – fleas hate it.

35. Quick ways to press ties.
Hang in bath while you take a shower – steam takes wrinkles out.

36. How to remove staples.
An old nail clipper works fine for removing staples.

37. Eliminate odours from disposal.
Throw a lemon in it and let it be ground up.

38. Keep salt moisture free.
Put pieces of blotting paper in shaker. It will absorb moisture.

39. Simple eye glass cleaner.
Vinegar diluted in water makes fine eyeglass cleaner.

40. Easy clean glass doors and mirrors.
Just rub with damp newspaper – they will shine.

41. Easily reduce ashtray smell.
Keep a small amount of baking soda in ashtrays at all times.

42. Messless painting from a bucket.
Punch several holes around rim of can with small nail.

43. Take lumps out of paint.
Cut a piece of screen to fit inside of can or bucket, it will float to bottom taking lumps with it.

44. Keep bugs out of paint.
Pour a little insect repellent into the can – it does the trick.

45. Prevent flowers from fading.
Use a few drops of chlorine bleach in water, add an aspirin for life.

46. A simple roach formula – IT WORKS!
Crumble cigarette butts in water, let dry then spread in roach areas.

47. Save painting clean up time.
Cover roller tray with aluminium foil then just throw away.

48. A novel paint can cover.
Use plastic lid from a coffee can.

49. Keep piano keys looking new.
Keep cover open, ivory turns dark if exposed to darkness.

50. How to remove grease from rugs.
Pour ample amount of baking soda on it, brush in, let stand for a day and vacuum off.

51. Destroy desire for nicotine.
Take before breakfast, a half teaspoon of rochelle salts and cream of tartar.

52. Destroy desire for alcohol.
Mix goldthread with gold seal in a tea. It creates a violent taste for alcohol.

53. Excellent insomnia formula.
One tbs powdered milk, 2 tbs honey, 1 tbs brewers yeast, stir into cup of warm milk and take before retiring.

54. Famous diet formula plan.
Mix 1 tbs safflower oil to 2 tbs grapefruit juice, take before meals.

55. The $25 beauty facial.
Spread milk of magnesia over face, let dry, cover again, let dry, remove with damp cloth, then apply some warm olive oil, then apply some ice cold witch hazel.

56. How to improve your IQ.
Hydrocotyle asiatica teas are a noted brain food.

57. Make pantyhose last longer.
One tbs alum, 1 quart water, rinse, let dry, then wash with soap, rinse and dry.

58. Remove blood stains from carpet.
Sponge immediately with cold water, then use a bit of soap, rinse and dry.

59. Make your guitar really shine.
Rub some toothpaste on, let dry then buff it. It will shine!

60. Keep a burn from blistering.
Apply ice cubes to the burn immediately.

61. Remove ink stains from carpet.
Apply a paste of milk and cornstarch, let stand a few hours and brush off.

62. Dry shampoo your pet.
Rub baking soda into fur and brush out. Will smell great.

63. Put a shine on your windows.
Brush with nylon stocking, use blackboard eraser to shine.

64. Unwrinkling plastic materials.
Heat ironing board with iron, lay materials on, smooth with hands.

65. Easy needle threading.
Dip tip of needle into clear nail polish and let dry.

66. How to clean your ties.
Put tie in jar with some carbon tetrachloride, shake, take out and let dry.

67. Easy clean your nail file.
Press apiece of tape onto file, pull off. Removes all dirt.

68. How to remove scorches.
Wet scorched area and cover with cornstarch, brush off when dry.

69. What to do if you oversalt food.
Drop a potato or two into it. Absorbs the oversalt.

70. Watermelon ripeness test.
Look for a creamy surface underneath the melon.

71. How to freshen stale nuts.
Stick them in the oven for 15 minutes at 250 degrees.

72. How to destroy fish smells.
Rub butter on your hands or wherever smell is to be removed.

73. How to destroy onion smells.
Dampen hands and rub bicarbonate of soda over them.

74. Keep and use overripe bananas.
Mash and freeze for making cakes and biscuits.

75. How to boil a cracked egg.
Add a dash of vinegar to the water.

76. How to make mocha coffee.
Instead of milk or cream try some chocolate milk.

77. Easy boiled egg peeling.
Keep lid on for a few minutes after boiling, pressure causes shell to fall off.

78. Eliminate popcorn duds -fast.
Freeze it first then it will all pop.

79. Easy clean kitchen windows.
Add starch to water and clean with a piece of newspaper.

80. Easy clean silverware – the best.
Use baking soda and damp cloth, clean, rinse and let dry.

81. Vegetable for liver and prostrate.
Beets.

82. Fruit soothes intestinal tract.
Papaya.

83. A fruit for arthritic gout.
Cherries

84. An appetiser fruit – GOOD
Pineapple.

85. Fruit for stomach.
Coconut.

86. A fruit for constipation.
Raw apples.

87. A fruit high in iron.
Strawberries.

88. Fruit for neutralising acid.
Lemons.

89. A fruit healthful for kidneys.
Watermelon.

90. A fruit fine for the nerves.
Bananas.

91. Two fruits thought anti-tobacco.
Apples and grapes eaten raw.

92. A fruit thought anti-cancer.
Figs.

93. Vegetable good for the kidneys.
Celery.

94. Vegetable that.s antibiotic.
Garlic.

95. Fruit to tune blood vessels.
Oranges.

96. Vegetable for fresh breath.
Parsley.

97. Ingredient good for the heart.
Honey.

98. A vegetable good for the eyes.
Carrots.

99. A good source of iodine.
Kelp.

100. A vegetable with high vitamin C .
Green peppers.

101. How to shine your refrigerator.
Use bicarbonate of soda on a wet sponge.

102. How to remove a hot cake pan.
Use clothes pins.

103. Keep windshields frost free.
Apply solution 1 part vinegar to 3 parts water over windshield.

104. Make dry cell batteries last longer.
Seal in plastic bags, wrap in aluminium foil, keep in refrigerator.

105. Remove wax from candle holders.
Freeze holders in refrigerator and it will just peel off.

106. Prevent kitchen stools from slipping.
Put rubber tips from crutches on bottom of legs.

107. Rid scratches from plastic watches.
Use cotton bud dipped in nail polish remover, rub over face, scratch disappears.

108. Excellent lubricant for appliances.
Put a drop of glycerine in gears – makes an excellent lubricant!

109. Keep garbage bags from slipping.
Use 3 or 4 clothes pins, keeps them from slipping.

110. How to clean glassware.
Clean with stale tea. If they spot, soak in buttermilk, let dry and wipe off.

111. How to clean carved furniture.
Use an old tooth brush to clean then use furniture polish on brush.

112. Remove ink from varnished furniture.
Rub with soft cloth filled with equal parts vinegar and linseed oil.

113. Remove mildew smell from luggage.
Put a bar of soap in luggage before storing.

114. Remove smoke, grease from woodwork.
Paint wood with solution of starch and water, when dry rub off.

115. Really shine your kitchen floor.
Add some sour milk to your rinse water, it will shine!

116. How to clean rust from chrome.
Rub it with aluminium foil.

117. How to really clean enamel.
Use a paste of salt and vinegar then wipe off.

118. Remove shoe polish from clothing.
Use carbon tetrachloride or rubbing alcohol.

119. Remove cigarette stains from china.
Rub it with a cork that has been dipped in salt.

120. Make your own ink eradicator.
Mix one part liquid bleach to ten parts water. Works great!

121. Make your appliances really shine.
Rub them over with rubbing alcohol, they will stay shining.

122. Remove stains from coffee cups.
Rub with salt and vinegar.

123. Make your own furniture polish.
Use two parts olive oil to one part vinegar. Have it warm while using.

124. Make your own silver polish,
Tooth paste or baking soda makes an excellent silver polish.

125. A really good copper cleaner.
Use a paste of salt and vinegar.

126. To clean your diamond rings.
Use toothpaste with an old tooth brush, rub rinse and let dry.

127. Clean tarnished gold and silver.
Rub with paste of water and baking soda, rinse and let dry.

128. How to make good jewellery cleaner.
Clean with a solution of one teaspoon ammonia and one cup of water.

129. Reset stone in your jewellery.
Put clear nail varnish in the base, set the stone in and let dry.

130. Prevent costume jewellery from tarnishing.
Put a thin coat of transparent nail polish over it.

131. Good cleaning aid for dishwashers.
Add some vinegar to the dishwasher.

132. Cure scratches on your furniture.
Use machine oil or some colour shoe polish.

133. Make a good fingernail brush.
Cut down the bristles of an old tooth brush.

134. Food for the whole litter (HOW).
Use a muffin pan so the runts can have some.

135. Lengthen life of wooden clothespins.
Boil then in salt solution.

136. Make a neat string dispenser.
Nail a funnel to wall and pull string out of bottom of funnel.

137. Tips on storing plastic curtains.
Sprinkle talcum powder between the layers as you go.

138. Basting made real easy (NEAT!).
Just tape and sew around the pieces of tape.

139. How to revive old clothing.
Shave those little fluffs off with a safety razor.

140. Make an emergency clothes brush.
Wrap a piece of tape around the hand, sticky side out.

141. Stop clothes catching on hangers.
Put a coat of clear nail polish over splinters and rough edges.

142. A needle sharpening pin cushion.
Use a steel wool to fill your cushion, keeps needles sharp.

143. Make a good yarn preserver.
Wrap yarn around a moth ball for storage.

144. Handy tips on cutting fur.
Use a razor blade on back of fur when cutting, you won.t cut any hair.

145. Tips on sewing slippery material.
Stick a piece of waxed paper in seam, pull away when finished.

146. Easy pick up of needle spills.
Use a small magnet to pick up any needle spill.

147. Excellent knitting tips.
Keep ball of yarn in nylon stocking, will flow out free of tangles.

148. How to get rid of shiny trousers.
Make a solution of 1 part vinegar to 4 parts water, soak a cloth in it, wring out cloth put over trousers and press slightly.

149. When you need heavy duty thread.
Use dental floss.

150. Make a handy tape measure.
Just put tape around an old adhesive tape spool.

151. Prevent nylon from yellowing.
Add some baking soda to wash and rinse water.

152. Make a perfect sock darner.
Pull socks over a light bulb, makes it easy.

153. How to restore velvet like new.
Brush good and then hang in steamy bathroom.

154. Get rid of knots on sweaters.
Just rub a piece of sandpaper over sweater.

155. How to remove lint from wool.
Use a damp sponge and touch lightly.

156. Caring for leather upholstery.
Brush with skim milk every three months.

157. Repair scuffed patent leather.
Cover with same colour polish, let dry then cover with clear nail polish.

158. Prevent patent leather cracking.
Before each wearing, rub briskly with your hand, then a soft cloth.

159. Repair scuffed baby shoes.
Rub shoe with white of an egg.

160. Tips on buying shoes
Buy shoes in afternoon, feet tend to swell in the morning.

161. What to do when shoes get stiff
Cut a raw potato and rub all over. They will come back to life.

162. Black suede shoes last longer.
Wash with warm water then rub castor oil into leather.

163. How to soften leather shoes.
Sponge with black coffee.

164. Remove salt rings from shoes.
Brush with solution of vinegar and water.

165. Keep vegetables green while cooking.
Lift the lid of the cooking vessel from time to time while cooking.

166. Get juice from dried up lemon.
Boil it for a few minutes.

167. Quick onion rings.
Onions slice more easily, if you leave skins on while slicing.

168. How to kill taste of olive oil.
Add a touch of salt.

169. Good bread crumb substitute.
Potato chips, corn chips or pretzels.

170. How to keep your berries fresh.
Don.t wash until ready to use and keep in refrigerator until ready to use.

171. How to cut a soft pie.
Use a buttered knife to cut through a soft pie.

172. How to cut a frosted cake.
Rinse knife in hot water first each time you cut a slice.

173. How to make fluffy egg omelette.
Add a teaspoon of corn starch when mixing eggs.

174. Keep dressing from going rancid.
Put a spoon of sugar in it.

175. How to stop cabbage odours.
Throw a couple of walnut kernels in pot while cooking.

176. When you need soft butter quick..
If your butter is frozen, grate it, it.s the same as soft butter.

177. How to keep cauliflower white.
Pour a little milk in the water when boiling cauliflower.

178. When is the omelette done.
When you press it lightly and it springs back.

179. Keep milk from scorching.
Add a pinch of sugar while cooking and do not stir.

180. Cheese cutting tips.
A dull knife is more successful than a sharp one.

181. When you need an extra egg.
When you need an extra egg for a recipe add a little corn starch.

182. Peel onions without tears.
Let water run over them while peeling.

183. The proper way to ripen fruit.
Keep it out in open at room temperature.

184. How to pick fresh eggs.
Old eggs are shin, fresh eggs are rough and have bumps.

185. How to cut acidity in coffee.
Add a pinch of salt.

186. Good refrigerator deodoriser.
Keep an open box of baking soda in it at all times.

187. What to do about grease spills.
Pour ice water over it, it will lift off before it can soak in.

188. Make a good egg separator.
Crack egg, put in small funnel, white will come through separated from yoke.

189. Reduce wilting of root vegetables.
Cut off the tops as soon as you get them.

190. Keep vegetables fresh longer.
Put paper towels in bottom of bin. It will absorb moisture which causes decay.

191. How to keep meat fresh looking.
Cover the cut side with leaves of lettuce.

192. How to perk up wilted lettuce.
Soak in cold water with a dash of lemon juice, cool in refrigerator for 30 minutes.

193. Make frozen vegetables fresh.
Pour boiling water over them. Restores fresh taste.

194. The best way to slice onions.
Freezing them first.

195. Keep beets and cabbage red.
Add lemon juice or vinegar to the water.

196. Keep potatoes from sprouting.
Store apples with them.

197. Get rid of cooking odours.
Boil hand full of cloves in water for 30 minutes. All odours will disappear.

198. Truss poultry so it will stay.
Use dental floss, it will not burn.

199. Tell when custard is done.
Stick knife into custard, if it comes out clean, it is done

200. Tips for cutting hot cake.
Use a thread, hold both ends tightly and lower through slowly.

Σημαντικοί Αρχιτέκτονες v3 – Andrea Palladio

[πηγή: youtube Influential architects, pt.3 | Andrea Palladio How to Architect]

Δείτε τα έργα του στο google.

Διαβάστε Περισσότερα
http://www.artcyclopedia.com/artists/palladio_andrea.html
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Andrea_Palladio

[πηγή: youtube La Villa Barbaro (Andrea Palladio) – Arquitecturas (2006) 26:15]

[πηγή: youtube Palladio: America’s Architectural Grandfather Smithsonian Magazine]

 

Σημαντικοί Αρχιτέκτονες v1 – Mies van der Rohe

Ο Μις φαν ντερ Ρόε (Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, 27 Μαρτίου 1886 – 17 Αυγούστου 1969) Θεωρείται από τους μεγαλύτερους αρχιτέκτονες του 20ού αιώνα, δίπλα στον Λε Κορμπυζιέ και στον Φρανκ Λόιντ Ράιτ. Επιδίωξε μια λογική προσέγγιση που θα καθοδηγούσε τη δημιουργική διαδικασία του αρχιτεκτονικού σχεδίου, και είναι γνωστός για τη χρήση των αφορισμών «λιγότερο είναι περισσότερο» («weniger ist mehr») και «ο Θεός είναι στις λεπτομέρειες».
Δείτε τα έργα του στο google.

 

[πηγή: youtube Influential architects, pt.1 | Mies van der Rohe How to Architect]

Διαβάστε Περισσότερα
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ludwig_Mies_van_der_Rohe
(στα Ελληνικά)
http://www.miessociety.org/
http://www.greatbuildings.com/architects/Ludwig_Mies_van_der_Rohe.html